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dc.contributor.authorKursa, Olimpia
dc.contributor.authorTomczyk, Grzegorz
dc.contributor.authorSieczkowska, Agata
dc.contributor.authorSawicka-Durkalec, Anna
dc.description.abstractThe Gram-negative bacterium Gallibacterium anatis is part of the normal avian respiratory,intestinal and reproductive tract microflora and can be transmitted horizontally and vertically. Withthe coexistence of other relevant factors, G. anatis becomes an opportunistic pathogen, economicallydamaging to the poultry industry. This bacterium’s prevalence and molecular epidemiology wereinvestigated, and the antimicrobial treatment options for G. anatis infection in chicken flocks inPoland were assessed. Tracheal samples from 182 flocks were collected between April 2022 andMarch 2023. The bacterial prevalence was determined by PCR targeting the gyrB gene and 16–23SrRNA. Gallibacterium anatis was identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation–time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) after culturing and PCR amplification. Isolates’ susceptibilityto 11 antimicrobials was assessed with a disc diffusion test. Isolates were also tested for gyrB, GtxAand flfA virulence genes and blaROB, aphA, tetB and tetH antibiotic resistance genes by PCR. Forty-oneflocks (22.5%) were positive through PCR. Antibiotic resistance was most frequently observed againsttilmicosin, tylosin, enrofloxacin, amoxicillin, tetracycline and doxycycline. Multiple resistance toat least eight antibiotics occurred in 20% of isolates and to at least four in 100%. The occurrence ofgyrB was noted in 100%, GtxA was detected in 89%, and flfA was found in 14% of positive samples.The tetB gene was present in 61.0% of positive samples, tetH was in 36.0%, aphA was in 16.7%, andblaROB was in 5.6%. Significant differences were found in G. anatis isolates related to the presence ofthe virulence genes GtxA and gyrB and the presence of resistance genes (p < 0.05) associated withresistance to tetracyclines, β-lactams and aminoglycosides. The continued rise in the resistance ofG. anatis to a broadening range of antibiotics is a major problem for the poultry industry worldwide,as well as for public health. The findings of this study may expand the knowledge of the pathogenicityof G. anatis in poultry.
dc.subjectGallibacterium anati
dc.titlePrevalence, identification and antibiotic resistance of Gallibacterium anatis isolates from chickens in Poland
dcterms.bibliographicCitation2023 vol. 12 nr 8 s. 992

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