The first description of the complete genome sequence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar monophasic Typhimurium (1,4,,12:i:-) isolate with the mcr-1.1 gene on IncHI2 found in pig in Poland
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
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Monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium (1,4,,12:i:-) is one of the leading Salmonella serovars causing human salmonellosis in Europe. It has been observed in Poland since 2008. This serovar is considered the one with the highest rate of mcr prevalence. This report presents a sequence characteristic of the multidrug-resistant (MDR) monophasic S. Typhimurium isolated from a pig faecal sample with the confirmed presence of the mcr-1.1 gene. The genome was assembled into the complete chromosome and 4 plasmids: IncHI2 (232 119 bp), IncFIB/IncFIC (133 901 bp), ColRNAI (6659 bp), and Col8282 (4066bp). The strain identified as ST34 carried multiple antimicrobial resistance genes located both on chromosome (tet(B)) and plasmids: mcr-1.1 and blaTEM-1B on ST4-IncHI2, and mef(B), blaTEM-1B, aadA1, qacL, dfrA12, aadA2, cmlA1, sul3, tet(M) on IncFIB/FIC. The mcr-1.1 gene was previously identified in E. coli deriving mainly from poultry, but this is the first case of the occurrence of mcr-positive Salmonella in Poland. The obtained results of analysis of the genome content draw attention to the problem of multidrug-resistant pathogens, especially in the context of resistance to colistin which is a last-resort antimicrobial.
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