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Fish & Shellfish Immunology

dc.contributor.authorAdamek, M.
dc.contributor.authorRebl, A.
dc.contributor.authorMatras, M.
dc.contributor.authorLodder, C.
dc.contributor.authorRahman S, S. Abd El
dc.contributor.authorStachnik, M.
dc.contributor.authorRakus, K.
dc.contributor.authorBauer, J.
dc.contributor.authorFalco, A.
dc.contributor.authorJung-Schroers, V.
dc.contributor.authorPiewbang, C.
dc.contributor.authorTechangamsuwan, S.
dc.contributor.authorSurachetpong, W.
dc.contributor.authorReichert, M.
dc.contributor.authorTetens, J.
dc.contributor.authorSteinhagen, D.
dc.description.abstractThe emergence of viral diseases affecting fish and causing very high mortality can lead to the disruption of aquaculture production. Recently, this occurred in Nile tilapia aquaculture where a disease caused by a systemic infection with a novel virus named tilapia lake virus (TiLV) caused havoc in cultured populations. With mortality surpassing 90% in young tilapia, the disease caused by TiLV has become a serious challenge for global tilapia aquaculture. In order to partly mitigate the losses, we explored the natural resistance to TiLV-induced disease in three genetic strains of tilapia which were kept at the University of G ̈ottingen, Germany. We used two strains originating from Nilotic regions (Lake Mansala (MAN) and Lake Turkana (ELM)) and one from an unknown location (DRE). We were able to show that the virus is capable of overcoming the natural resistance of tilapia when injected, providing inaccurate mortality results that might complicate finding the resistant strains. Using the cohabitation infection model, we found an ELM strain that did not develop any clinical signs of the infection, which resulted in nearly 100% survival rate. The other two strains (DRE and MAN) showed severe clinical signs and much lower survival rates of 29.3% in the DRE strain and 6.7% in the MAN strain. The disease resistance of tilapia from the ELM strain was correlated with lower viral loads both at the mucosa and internal tissues. Our results suggest that the lower viral load could be caused by a higher magnitude of a mx1-based antiviral response in the initial phase of infection. The lower pro-inflammatory responses also found in the resistant strain might additionally contribute to its protection from developing pathological changes related to the disease. In conclusion, our results suggest the possibility of using TiLV-resistant strains as an ad hoc, cost-effective solution to the TiLV challenge. However, as the fish from the disease-resistant strain still retained significant virus loads in liver and brain and thus could become persistent virus carriers, they should be used within an integrative approach also combining biosecurity, diagnostics and vaccination measuresen_US
dc.subjectDisease resistanceen_US
dc.subjectInnate immunityen_US
dc.subjectNile tilapiaen_US
dc.subjectTilapia lake virusen_US
dc.titleImmunological insights into the resistance of Nile tilapia strains to an infection with tilapia lake virusen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitation2022 vol. 124 s. 118–133
dcterms.titleFish & Shellfish Immunology
dc.identifier.doidoi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2022.03.027.

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